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What happens in me if I get corona?

What if I got COVID 19 Infection?

As the coronavirus from Wuhan, China, continues to spread across the globe, many more are becoming infected and some even dying.

As of writing this Article, 7,808,005 infected and 430,113 people have died worldwide, with over 2,128,507 infected in U.SA alone.

Image result for carona virus, pota2knowledge

But what actually happens to your body if you contract the coronavirus?

Now, before we get into it, we wanna make clear that this article is in no way intended to spread fear or over-sensationalized the severity of the coronavirus. We won't be commenting on its global threat level because that information is constantly changing while experts monitor its spread.
- But what we will be looking at is how the coronavirus actually infects the body, what it does inside of you, and then how it causes symptoms, spreads, how your body actually then fights it off or it causes death in some.

Coronaviridae is actually an entire family of viruses that cause disease in mammals and birds.

SARS, for example, was also a coronavirus.
Now, viruses are interesting in that they are sometimes considered both living and non-living things.

They aren't made of cells, but they do have the ability to replicate, just in a different way
than other organisms.
Oh, and they're actually much, much smaller than cells.

- Now, to contract the coronavirus, you first have to come in contact with it, either through an infected person's respiratory secretions, so a cough or a sneeze, through physical contact with them, or by physically touching a surface that the virus is on and then touching somewhere like your nose or your mouth before washing your hands.

Once the virus is able to enter your body, its work can begin.
One thing that all viruses have in common is that they carry some kind of genetic material, either DNA or RNA.

In the case of coronavirus, it carries RNA, which has all the information the virus needs to replicate.

Image result for carona virus, pota2knowledge

  DNA vs RNA

The genetic information in a virus is typically surrounded by a protective capsid.

- You may picture this when you think of a virus, and it is a virus, but this is a virus that attacks bacteria, also known as a bacteriophage.

In the case of the coronavirus,

the RNA is encased in a helical capsid, and then that helical capsid is actually encased in an envelope.

Image result for carona virus, pota2knowledge

  COVID 19 virus

Coronavirus looks more like the picture shown above. And these projections coming out if it's surface, or the club-like structures, are very important for what happens next.

covid 19 lock and key mechanism, pota2knowledge

Once the virus comes in contact with your cells, it binds to receptors on that cell. You can think of the outer layer of the virus-like a key. And if the virus has found the right cells in the right species, its keys are able to open the lock on these cells.

covid entering lungs, pota2knowledge

As a result, the virus is able to enter, where it now has access to all the cell's machinery.

- Now, normally, this machinery is reserved for your own DNA, which uses something called the ribosomes to make proteins that have all sorts of functions and travel all over your body. But the coronavirus ends up hijacking the system. It uses its own RNA to go to those ribosomes and starts making proteins that it wants.

covid 19 ribosome model, pota2knowledge

So, basically, your cell starts producing viruses by making the genetic material, by making the capsid and envelope, and ultimately your cell becomes a virus-making machine. And this is why viruses are often considered non-living because they don't actually have the machinery to do this work.

They actually need your body's cells to do it. So, the coronavirus has its RNA instructions read over and over and over and makes protein after protein after protein and ultimately can make millions of viruses.

covid 19 virus inside body, pota2knowledge

These viruses eventually fill the cell and make their way back to the cell membrane, where they break out, often destroying the cell in the process.

covid 19 rupturing cell, pota2knowledge

Once out, it's onto the next cell to repeat this cycle all over again.

covid 19 virus multiplying, pota2knowledge

- Now, as your cells begin to get damaged and die, your body will sense this and start to trigger an immune response, and both of these things are what will create the symptoms that you begin to feel.

carona virus destroying cells, pota2knowledge

In the case of the coronavirus, these symptoms include headaches, runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and fever

carona virus symptoms, pota2knowledge

  which is part of the reason why it's been so hard to track and understand because those are common symptoms.

We feel those all the time, especially during flu season or just from getting the common cold.

Medical professionals would need to do laboratory tests on respiratory specimens as well as blood work and blood tests to understand if your symptoms are coming from the Wuhan coronavirus.

- In a healthy individual, the immune system will eventually realize that there's a foreign agent inside your body and mount an attack.

The immune system is incredibly complex with a plethora of different mechanisms to take down your invaders.

immune system working against carona virus, pota2knowledge
immune system working against COVID 19

Your temperature increases, which helps your immune system function better and actually makes it a more hostile environment for the virus. You might create more snot and phlegm, which make it harder for the virus to attach to your cells and also help to get rid of dead viruses and immune cells.

You may feel weak and tired as your body starts to prioritize fighting off this virus instead of doing your regular day-to-day activities.

See the source image, pota2knowledge

And your bones may actually feel sore and ache, and that's because they're actually making more white blood cells. For its mainline defence, when the coronavirus is detected, the body triggers signals to start producing antibodies.

These antibodies are created by your own DNA.

antibodies  created by our body, pota2knowledge

There are essentially sections of code in each cell's DNA that contain the instructions of how to build different defence systems.

Enzymes in the nucleus find the right section of DNA, make a copy called messenger RNA, which gets sent to the ribosome in your cells, which will read these instructions and start making the relevant proteins.

With up to 10 million ribosomes in each cell, they become an antibody-making factory, which is sent outside of the cell to fight the virus.

- The trickiest part for your body is that the immune response doesn't catch the virus right away, so, essentially, the virus starts with an upper hand. This is why it can take so long for your body to fight off a virus. 

But for coronavirus, those with healthy immune systems should be able to fight off and rid the body of the virus within weeks. 

The problem is primarily for those who have compromised immune systems, which is often people who are elderly or people who are very young.

carona virus stats, pota2knowledge

This particular coronavirus has mostly affected the elderly, and that's because as we age, our immune systems become less effective and they actually slow down. As the virus continues to proliferate and cells continue to die, in a desperate attempt to save your body, your immune system can go into overdrive.

In severe cases, white blood cells are responsible for activating a variety of chemicals, which can cause the leaking of fluid into your lungs. And this combination of cellular destruction from the virus and fluid-filled lungs interrupts the transportation of oxygen into the bloodstream, which can lead to suffocation and organ failure.

But the virus isn't always the cause of death. Often, with a weakened and distracted immune systems, other organisms like bacteria are able to take advantage of the body, causing further complications.

As organs begin to shut down, the whole body can as well.

- To reiterate, it's the immunocompromised that are most at risk. And even with that, it's worth saying that the numbers are relatively low.

If you think about it,

40,000 people died of the flu in the US alone last year and over a million people died of heart disease.

On top of that, the death rate right now is being estimated between 2% and 3%,
which is continually evolving.

But a disease like SARS was a death rate of 10% and Ebola in some regions has been up to 50%.

All this to say don't allow the news to make you panic.

We lost a lot of tourism, we lost millions of dollars.

But most importantly, we saw a lot of stigma and racism towards Chinese people.

It's important that we do not repeat those racist notions and we all need to be aware of this when we talk about the current coronavirus.

we have seen lots of people saying things like, 

"This always happens in China,"

and relating it a lot to the types of foods that Chinese people eat. 

But it's important to remember that Western food practices are what created mad cow disease and also Western meat consumption has created a big issue with antibiotic resistance.

We need to listen to and trust public health professionals and we need to not overreact and we need to not use this as an excuse to be racist.

Click Here to Read what recovered COVID 19 patients experienced

Will update a dedicated article on Treatments working as of now soon, so keep visiting for updates.

- Peace.

- See ya.


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