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Specific Gravity, Temperatures of Solvents/Fluids

specific gravity of solvents

SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF SOLVENTS(FLUIDS)

specific gravity:

            It's also called relative density, ratio of the density of a substance to that of a standard substance. ... If a substance has specific gravity less than that of a fluid, it will float on that fluid: helium-filled balloons will rise in air, oil will form a slick on water, and lead will float on mercury.


Fluid
Acetic Acid251.052
Acetone250.787
Acetylene, liquid-121oF0.62
Acetylene, liquid70oF0.38
Adipic acid 0.72
Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)250.787
Alcohol, methyl (methanol)250.791
Alcohol, propyl250.802
Ammonia (aqua)250.826
Aniline251.022
Beer251.01
Benzene250.876
Benzil251.084
Bromine253.12
Butane, liquid250.601
Caproic acid250.924
Carbolic acid150.959
Carbon disulfide251.265
Carbon tetrachloride251.589
Carene250.860
Chloride251.56
Chlorine60oF1.42
Chlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-22251.197
Chloroform251.469
Citric acid251.665
Coconut Oil150.925
Corn (maize) oil15.50.923
Cotton Seed Oil150.923
Creosote151.070
Cresol251.027
Crude oil, California60oF0.918
Crude oil, Mexican60oF0.976
Crude oil, Texas60oF0.876
Cumene250.862
Decane250.728
Dichlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-12251.315
Dodecane250.757
Ethane-890.572
Ether250.716
Ethylamine160.683
Ethylene glycol251.100
Formaldehyde450.815
Fuel oil60oF0.893
Furan251.421
Furforal251.159
Gasoline, natural60oF0.713
Gasoline, Vehicle60oF0.739
Glycerine (glycerol)251.263
Glycol251.11
Heptane250.681
Hexane250.657
Hexanol250.813
Hexene250.673
Hydrazine250.797
Iodine (at solid state)204.933
Kerosene60oF0.820
Linolenic Acid250.902
Linseed Oil250.932
Mercury2513.633
Methane-1640.466
Milk1.035
Naphtha, Petroleum Naphtha150.667
Napthalene250.963
Nonanol250.823
Octane250.701
Oil, Castor250.959
Olive Oil150.915
Oxygen-1831.14
Palm Kernel Oil15.50.912
Palm Oil15.50.923
Palmitic Acid250.853
Parole250.969
Peanut (Arachis) Oil15.50.92
Pentane250.755
Phenol251.075
Phosgene01.381
Phytadiene250.826
Pinene250.858
Propane-400.585
Propane250.495
Propylene250.516
Propylene glycol251.036
Pyridine250.968
Rapeseed Oil15.50.915
Resorcinol251.272
Sabiname250.814
Safflower Oil15.50.922
Sea water251.028
Silane250.719
Soja Beans Oil15.50.926
Sorbaldehyde250.898
Stearic Acid250.941
Styrene250.906
Sunflower Oil15.50.925
Terpinene250.850
Toluene250.865
Trichlorofluoromethane refrigerant R-11251.480
Turpentine250.871
Water, pure39.2oF (4oC) 1.000
Water, sea77oF1.025
Wood250.701



specific gravity of solvents

Common Solvents Used in Organic Chemistry: Table of Properties

Solvent
Formula
MW
Boiling
Point
(°C)
melting
point
(°C)
density
(g/mL)
Solubility²
Dielectric
Constant ³
flash
point
(°C)
acetic acidC2H4O260.05211816.61.0446Miscible6.2039
acetoneC3H6O58.07956.05-94.70.7845Miscible21.01-20
acetonitrileC2H3N41.05281.65-43.80.7857Miscible36.646
benzeneC6H678.1180.15.50.87650.182.28-11
1-butanolC4H10O74.12117.7-88.60.80956.317.837
2-butanolC4H10O74.1299.5-88.50.80631517.2624
2-butanoneC4H8O72.1179.6-86.60.799925.618.6-9
t-butyl alcoholC4H10O74.1282.425.70.7887Miscible12.511
carbon tetrachlorideCCl4153.8276.8-22.61.5940.082.24--
chlorobenzeneC6H5Cl112.56131.7-45.31.10580.055.6928
chloroformCHCl3119.3861.2-63.41.47880.7954.81--
cyclohexaneC6H1284.1680.76.60.77390.00552.02-20
1,2-dichloroethaneC2H4Cl298.9683.5-35.71.2450.86110.4213
diethylene glycolC4H10O3106.12246-101.11971031.8124
diethyl etherC4H10O74.1234.5-116.20.7137.54.267-45
diglyme (diethylene glycol
dimethyl ether)
C6H14O3134.17162-680.943Miscible7.2367
1,2-dimethoxy-
ethane (glyme, DME)
C4H10O290.1284.5-69.20.8637Miscible7.3-2
dimethyl-
formamide (DMF)
C3H7NO73.09153-60.480.9445Miscible38.2558
dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)C2H6OS78.1318918.41.092Miscible4795
1,4-dioxaneC4H8O288.11101.111.81.033Miscible2.21(25)12
ethanolC2H6O46.0778.5-114.10.789Miscible24.613
ethyl acetateC4H8O288.1177-83.60.8958.76(25)-4
ethylene glycolC2H6O262.07195-131.115Miscible37.7111
glycerinC3H8O392.0929017.81.261Miscible42.5160
heptaneC7H16100.2098-90.60.6840.011.92-4
hexamethylphosphoramide
(HMPA)
C6H18N3OP179.20232.57.21.03Miscible31.3105
hexamethylphosphorous
triamide (HMPT)
C6H18N3P163.20150-440.898Miscible??26
hexaneC6H1486.1869-950.6590.00141.89-22
methanolCH4O32.0464.6-980.791Miscible32.6(25)12
methyl t-butyl
ether (MTBE)
C5H12O88.1555.2-1090.7415.1??-28
methylene chlorideCH2Cl284.9339.8-96.71.3261.329.08--
N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone
(NMP)
CH5H9NO99.13202-241.033Miscible3291
nitromethaneCH3NO261.04101.2-291.3829.5035.935
pentaneC5H1272.1536.1-129.70.6260.041.84-49
petroleum ether (ligroine)----30-60-400.656-----30
1-propanolC3H8O60.1097-1260.803Miscible20.1(25)22
2-propanolC3H8O60.1082.4-88.50.785Miscible18.3(25)12
pyridineC5H5N79.10115.2-41.60.982Miscible12.3(25)17
tetrahydrofuran (THF)C4H8O72.10665-108.40.8833soluble²7.52-14
tolueneC7H892.14110.6-930.8670.052.38(25)4
triethyl amineC6H15N101.1988.9-114.70.7280.022.4-11
waterH2O18.02100.000.000.998--78.54--
water, heavyD2O20.03101.341.107Miscible??--
o-xyleneC8H10106.17144-25.20.897Insoluble2.5732
m-xyleneC8H10106.17139.1-47.80.868Insoluble2.3727
p-xyleneC8H10106.17138.413.30.861Insoluble2.2727


specific gravity of solvents

Notes:

  1. In 2005, this table was adapted by Dr. Brian J. Myers, Webmaster of ACS Division of Organic Division (DOC) from: Professor Murov's Organic solvent table. The values were obtained from the CRC (87th edition), or Vogel's Practical Organic Chemistry (5th ed.).
  2. Solubilities are in water and are reported as grams solvent/100 grams water. The water solubility of THF is complex. See: Pubchem
  3. T = 20 °C unless specified otherwise.
  4. You can find more detailed information (Health & Safety, Physical, Regulatory, Environmental) on various organic solvents from Pubchem
  5. Solvent guides for following Green Chemistry principles are available at: https://organicdivision.org/GreenChemistry/
  6. In 2020, Dr. Joseph Ward, DOC Head Webmaster formated the table to accommodate a wide range of screens and add sorting to the table. Additionally, it was moved to the DOC's Organic Chemistry Data Website that was created by Dr. Khoi Van.
  7. A PDF version of this page is available here.
  8. Question or comments? Contact the ACS Organic Division
  9. This page was updated (table sorting was added): August 9, 2020. Methylene chloride F.P. and DMSO and NMP Water solubility corrected October 2021
  10. © 2021 ACS Division of Organic Chemistry

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